There is a mound of soft, deeply divided, medium-green leaves at the base. It is well suited to gardens in Zones 4 to 8. Different varieties of the hellebore plant offer a range of flower colors, from white to black. It is pedate, but much less segmented than that of other species. The soft, medium-green foliage of this plant is deeply divided into multiple narrow segments. The striping and deep purple color make H. torquatus a popular plant for hybridizing. H. lividus, the Majorcan hellebore, resembles H. argutifolius with its three-part leaf. Mature heights may reach three feet. The flowers of this kind are about one inch in diameter, chartreuse, and cylindrical. Perennial. Even within a single species, you may find different sizes, colors, leaf shapes, and petal or sepal traits. Apr 1, 2020 - Hellebores are amazing. H. viridis is deciduous. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. Mature heights range from 8 to 16 inches tall. There are also two subspecies of H. niger: H. niger ssp. New foliage may be tinged with purple. Hellebores are low growing evergreen … It’s suited to growing in Zones 6 to 9. Some are all green, while others have purple backs and green undersides, purple-tinged edges, and completely purple sepals. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. These shade-loving beauties resist deer and come back reliably for years. One of the first to bloom in late winter, this type fades as spring gets underway. A distinguishing feature of H. odorus is the slightly joined carpels that become evident when the seed pods begin to swell. As time passed, Will McLewin, one of Mathew’s colleagues and an intrepid hunter of hellebores in their native Balkan region, and two other botanists, Michael Fay and Hang Sun, continued to study the genus. All rights reserved. Still relatively rare in the home garden, H. dumetorum is considered fragile in comparison to others. Be sure you can enjoy its wintertime flowers wherever you grow it. The leaves are lance-like, of medium width with prominent serration. It’s not well known or widely available, and precise market descriptions are typically vague. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. It blooms from late winter to early spring. H. argutifolius is the holly-leaved hellebore. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. The flowers are light green and cup-shaped. Find the four Hellebore varieties that are the most popular and easiest to grow. You can find 50 seeds for H. foetidus available via Amazon. Hellebore plants are among the earliest perennial flowers to bloom, welcoming spring with their rose-like blossoms. Most noteworthy about this plant are the especially large, conjoined carpels, or seed pods. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Hellebore varieties are numerous and include a range of colors and even double petals. If you ever find yourself strolling through the mountainous regions of northern Italy and come across a pale to lime green flower with deeply divided, serrated, fern-like green foliage, it may well be H. abruzzicus. Petite plants generally top out at 12 inches, but sometimes reach twice this height. For example, Helleborus x ballardiae is the result of crossing H. lividus, of the Chenopus section, with H. niger, of the Helleborus section. Once established, water one time per week. This is a deciduous type that drops its leaves at the end of the growing season. Evergreen. But with a bit of time spent pruning hellebore, your plants will continue looking good all year round. It is still in use today. There is a mound of leathery, dark-green basal foliage. Sometimes you’ll find striping on the undersides. To date, there is one such plant, H. thibetanus, the only hellebore to originate in Asia, as opposed to the Mediterranean. H. bocconei should thrive well in Zones 5 to 8. It can reach a mature height of 18 inches, and is suited to Zones 6 to 8. However, some subspecies go dormant by summer’s end. In addition, some are bred to enhance what was once a mutation, the formation of a row of petals inside the outer row of sepals, called “doubling.” You can read more in our guide to the different varieties of double hellebores here. Find images of Hellebore. Plant in full to part shade. Mounds of basal leaves are pedate, often with 20 to 45 segments, many of which are further subdivided. Another unique characteristic is that after going to seed, this plant spends the summer in dormancy, while other types continue to grow. Experts in the plant world grappled with distinguishing one species from another until 1989, when British botanist Brian Mathew wrote a monograph on hellebores that still stands as the definitive classification of the genus. H. thibetanus is a relative newcomer to the US hellebore market. It is H. vesicarius, a rare plant that is very challenging to grow. This species is deciduous, dropping all of its leaves at the end of the growing season. The sepals are light green and slightly pointed, cup-shaped, and nodding. A noteworthy fact is that unlike the other species, and most plants, H. thibetanus does not produce cotyledons, or the embryonic seed leaves of indefinite shape that usually come first when seedlings sprout. In addition, not all crosses will result in fertile seed, and hybrid seeds that are viable produce varied results. Soft basal foliage may start out reddish, but matures to medium green. Family: Ranunculaceae Genus: Helleborus Common Name: Helleborus, Lenten Rose, Christmas Rose Culture: Helleborus can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions as long as plants have good drainage. There are numerous subspecies that vary slightly from one another. Each has a pedate, or foot-and-toes, arrangement of multiple narrow, serrated segments. H. purpurascens has cup-shaped purple flowers that range from one to two inches in diameter. There may be some serration at the tips. At this time, there are approximately 20 different recognized hellebore species. 13,441 hellebores stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Season … Types and varieties of hellebore. Botanical name: Helleborus. In addition to delivering early-blooming, long-lasting flowers, many hellebores easily divide to create multiple plants. Filter Low High A-Z Z-A Featured Perhaps the most unique feature of hellebores is the wide variety of characteristics that exist among these plants. They bloom early, often at the beginning of winter. The height of this plant is a petite 8 to 12 inches. The stems of this kind tend to branch more than other types. It is deciduous, dropping its leaves in summertime. The flowers are commonly described as “small,” and for a hellebore, that means about an inch in diameter. Facts: Helleborus. When you choose to grow late-winter to early-spring-blooming hellebores, you provide a valuable food source for bumblebees who often struggle to find nectar-rich plants during this time. Bloom time is late winter. The species it contains are crossed frequently to produce hybrids labeled somewhat generically as Helleborus x hybridus. Let’s look at the defined sections, examine the species in each, and discover their unique characteristics. “Hellebores are among the earliest and certainly the most exquisite flowers in the spring garden.” Until recently however, named varieties were all but impossible to find. Other more recent hybrids in this … And instead of opening to disperse seeds, the pod clings to the stem until a breeze blows it away. Mature heights range from 8 to 14 inches. This plant matures to a height of approximately 15 inches. Medium green, smooth, leathery basal leaves have jagged serration, and deep divisions and subdivisions in pedate style. Sometimes H. niger is also called the black hellebore. This is somewhat confusing, because the color refers to the dark roots of the plant, and not the petal-like sepals. They are serrated and have three deeply divided segments arranged in pedate style. The leaves are deeply serrated and have a long middle lobe and two shorter side ones. This plant does well in Zones 4 to 8, and blooms from late winter to early spring. The sepals are pointed, unlike the rounded ones of many types. This type is suitable for growing in Zones 5 to 9. Our hellebore breeder, Kevin Belcher, is extremely proud of his Ashwood Strains of Helleborus sternii and Helleborus niger, as well as his new inter-species crosses Helleborus x belcheri ‘Pink Ice’ and Helleborus x ashwoodensis ‘Briar Rose’. Currently included in this expansive section are: These plants are all acaulescent, producing flower stalks directly from fleshy rhizomes. If you look for some of the rarer plants with no success, contact your local hellebore society or noted breeders directly. This pretty little flower is a great choice for many gardens. Mature heights reach 18 inches. There are two ways to tell the difference: H. cyclophyllus does not have joined carpels, and its new foliage is reddish with fuzzy hair, as opposed to the smooth and leathery green foliage of H. odorus. It has the pink coloration of H. lividus and the generously sized blossoms of H. niger. Sometimes called the green Lenten rose, this type has blossoms with a diameter of one to two inches, and powder-green, pointed sepals. Most hellebores grown in the home garden are assorted H. orientalis hybrids that are collectively referred to as Helleborus x hybridus. If it weren’t for a prominent maroon band, they would blend in with the leaves and probably go unnoticed in the garden. The flowers are considered large in comparison to other plants classified as Helleborastrum, meaning they are likely to be at least two inches in diameter. Plants in this class have narrow, divided leaves that resemble the feet of a mythical griffin. In addition, some are bred to enhance what was once a mutation, the formation of a row of petals inside the outer row of sepals, called “doubling.”. It was identified in China in the 1860s, but was not available outside its native land until the 1990s. Unlike many hellebores, this one has fuzzy hairs on the leaf stems, or petioles, as well as the leaf undersides. Exposure: Full to partial sun. It is also known as the Corsican hellebore, H. corsicus, from an earlier classification. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. HelleborusArgutifolius (Corsican Hellebore) Hardiness: 6 – 9. They are saucer shaped with slightly pointed sepals that are white to greenish-white, often with white backs and green-tinged undersides. Apr 10, 2018 - Hellebore flowers to be used as inspiration to colour sugar flowers that you all make in class. The sepals are slightly pointed and the flowers may have a musky or slightly sweet odor. In addition, you’ll join the ranks of environmentally-conscious gardeners who plant for wildlife. They are arranged in pedate, foot-like style, and consist of three main segments, some of which are further subdivided. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. See our TOS for more details. Plant hellebore in shaded spots, such as beneath trees, in your yard. H. niger ssp. This plant is deciduous. There are so many plants that originate in this section that the cultivars are collectively called Helleborus x hybridus. Colors range from dark purple to bright green, often with purple backs and green undersides. H. niger is known for having showy, star-like blossoms that face outward instead of downward in the usual nodding fashion. Being deciduous, it drops its leaves at season’s end. Formerly classified as a subspecies of H. multifidus, H. bocconei hails from the mountainous regions of Italy and is still somewhat rare to find in cultivation. They open to a shallow saucer shape. Common name: Christmas rose. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. The final section of Mathew’s classification contains species that have two joined seed-containing carpels. Each segment is narrow, smooth, leathery, and serrated at the tips. This is a caulescent, or stemmed plant. It has nondescript green flowers that measure a tiny 3/8 to 1 1/2 inches wide, and look like tiny cylinders with an opening at the bottom. It reaches a mature height of 12 to 18 inches, does best in Zones 6 to 9, and blooms in early and mid-spring. The soft, light-green foliage beneath the blossoms is comprised of serrated leaves with seven to 11 segments each. Colors range from chartreuse to green. Famously long-flowering, at a time when little else is in bloom, and fabulous for cutting. This variety is best grown in Zones 5 to 9. 25 Shade-Loving Plants for Containers and Hanging Baskets, 22 Easy-to-Grow Annual Flowers That Thrive in the Shade. Sometimes the lips are tinged with maroon. This is an acaulescent, deciduous plant that is sometimes dormant by summer’s end. Proven Winners - Honeymoon® Sandy Shores - Lenten Rose - Helleborus hybrid pink multicolored plant details, information and resources. Hellebores are widely grown in USDA Zone 5a to 8b gardens for decorative purposes. $3.00 shipping. The bracts, or tufts beneath the blossoms, are leafier than those of most types, and are considered to be true leaves, unlike those of most varieties, which are very sparse. This plant is one of the earliest winter bloomers. There are almost-black Lenten rose cultivars available that fall within the Helleborastrum section, such as Helleborus x hybridus Winter Jewels® ‘Onyx Odyssey,’ that are actually very deep purple. It is also known as the bearsfoot, bear’s foot, or stinking hellebore – the leaves sometimes have a musky odor when they are crushed. It does best in Zones 6 to 9. This is… Add perennial hellebores to your garden beds and borders, and beautify your property with charming plants that are sure to nod their heads in approval. The one- to two-inch flowers of H. torquatus nod or face outward. Feel free to converse knowledgeably with purveyors of plants and seeds, as well as other growers. In addition to the true species, there are numerous additional cultivars available with noteworthy features, like the three-inch blossoms of ‘Potter’s Wheel’ and the mid-December bloom date of ‘Praecox.’. Hellebore blooms come in variety of colors including green, white, yellow, red, black, and many variations of pink and purple. They have fuzzy hairs on their undersides, and are thinner in texture than most species. Originally published on March 5, 2020. The smooth, dark blue-green, leathery foliage is evergreen. This Lenten rose blossoms as early in February in mild-winter regions. The flowers are scented and have been described as both sweet and lemony. It reaches a mature height of 12 to 18 inches, and is best suited to Zones 4 to 9. If you are new to growing these pretty winter flowers, see our guide to growing hellebores. Wear gloves when handling them, as contact with the sap may cause reactions in sensitive people. They may be purple or green, or purple shading to dark green on the undersides. The sepals are slightly pointed and have prominent purple veining. We describe some of the popular hellebore series available in the UK below. Helleborus niger can be found in the wild, it blooms from late December to February snow-white and sometimes pale pink flowers do not droop, reaching a diameter of 8 cm (3 inch). This species is suited to Zones 4 to 8, and blooms early in the winter. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. The foliage of this variety mounds at the base and is smooth and leathery. The hellebore, Helleborus, is a member of the expansive Ranunculaceae family. But there’s a small-sized perennial whose early, colorful blooms never fail to lift my mood. February can be a bleak time on the East Coast. Mainly evergreen with handsome leaves, they thrive in shadier parts of the garden. ‘Tie Kuai Zi’ is a white variety with a pink eye and slightly pointed sepals. For an extended blooming season in your garden, choose one or more of these types of hellebores found in this article. It's ideal with early-spring bulbs and other shade-loving perennials. Helleborus ‘Ivory Prince’ (Christmas Rose) This hellebore variant has the traditional affinity for full … UK purveyors describe the flowers as “medium-large,” with a scent similar to elderberry or currant. Helleborus x ericsmithii 'Ruby Glow' H. niger plants are often called Christmas roses because they … Posted on February 20, 2019 by carole funger. Debates within the hellebore community continue and will likely result in further fine-tuning of this classification system in the future. There are three main leaf segments that are further subdivided. Also of value is their shade tolerance. From whites and yellows to greens, pinks, and purples, there are single and double varieties in abundance from which the home gardener can choose. They are snowy white and gradually fade to pink, then green. Expect blossoms from late winter to early spring. Instead, true leaves appear from the start. It is best suited to Zones 6 to 8, and blooms in late winter. Broccoli Buttoning: What Causes Multiple Tiny Heads? Colors vary from dark green to yellowish-green. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Not classified until the early 2000s, H. abruzzicus is still coming into its own. Mature heights range from 8 to 12 inches. The best way to tell this species from others with similar coloring is to look for fuzzy hairs on the nodding flower stems, or pedicels, and on the undersides of the leaves. Mature heights reach between 8 and 12 inches. It is more tender than H. argutifolius, and grows best in Zones 8 to 9. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. In warm locales, Helleborus orientalis can bloom outdoors at Christmastime. There are numerous subspecies and hybrids in existence. Plants available for purchase may be true species, or hybrids of two or more types. One of the earliest blooms spotted in many areas, nodding hellebore flowers are often fragrant and long-lasting. Stock photography images of Helleborus perennial plants and their flowers, shade garden blooming perennials, including species and hybrids. Tolerant of both the extreme cold and heat, this is a gorgeous evergreen to have in your garden year-round. Part sun plants tolerate 3-6 hours of morning sun per day. When two or more different species in the same section are crossed, the result is called an interspecific hybrid.